Qunfuz

Robin Yassin-Kassab

Our Lady of Alice Bhatti

with 2 comments

This review was written for the Guardian.

“These Muslas,” says Joseph Bhatti, father of Alice, “will make you clean their shit and then complain that you stink.” This is pretty close to the mark. Pakistan won’t forget the low-caste origins of most of its Christians, or ‘Choohras’, who constitute an ‘untouchable’ sweeper and maid class. In recent decades, with the rise of increasingly intolerant forms of Islam, the Choohra plight has worsened. Christians are victims of obscene ‘blasphemy’ laws and frequent sectarian violence. The outside world is often ignorant of the minority’s very existence.

How refreshing, therefore, that Mohammed Hanif, Booker-listed author of ‘A Case of Exploding Mangoes’ and perhaps Pakistan’s brightest English-language voice, has chosen to view his country through the eyes of a (lapsed) Christian – the eponymous Alice Bhatti, a hard-nosed, warm-hearted nurse, too beautiful for her own good, also nifty with a razor blade.

Her lover and foil is the ‘Musla’ Teddy Butt, a thigh-waxing, body-building, Mauser-packing lowlife. Teddy works unofficially for the Gentlemen’s Squad, a police unit somewhat darker than the Keystone Cops staffed by partially reformed rapists, torturers and sharpshooters.

A need for protection propels Alice into Teddy’s arms, and his courtship afterwards has a certain flair. They are married, improbably, on a nuclear submarine.

Their love story ends badly – although Hanif’s narration ends with absurd religious optimism, a parody of beatification which includes a couple of delicious swipes at Mother Teresa.

The lovers’ lives are framed by institutions, from borstal to hospital via police station and nursing school. The Sacred, where Alice works and the characters meet, is a rat-infested, bursting-at-the-seams place “where half a pint of O-positive costs two hundred rupees.”

In the compound outside, beggars, miracle-seekers and aspiring patients sleep among the roots of the Old Doctor, “a two-hundred-year-old peepul tree that was believed to provide medical care before they built a hospital.” At the novel’s close, in what may or may not be a comment on the death of tradition, the Old Doctor is struck by lightening.

At one point Hanif alludes to Saadat Hasan Manto’s classic story ‘Toba Tek Singh’, which epitomises the crisis of Partition in a mental asylum. ‘Our Lady of Alice Bhatti’ is certainly not allegorical, it has too much unruly life of its own to fit smoothly into any neat political scheme – but it is somehow representative, broadly suggestive of the sad state of a nation.

The story is set in Karachi, whose ethnic, religious and gang violence has killed at least 1,300 people this year. Hanif does Karachi better than Rushdie does Bombay; his city is startlingly detailed but not exoticised, more realist than romantic, but always faithful to Karachi’s strangeness, teetering always on the edge of the surreal. It’s a smog-thick zone, bristling with guns, and chaotically interconnected. When Teddy absent-mindedly shoots a Pathan truck driver the ensuing chain of bloody events immobilises the city for three days. Universal criminality, in which the straightforward criminals are perhaps the least guilty of all, underpins the metropolis like the stink of its sewers.

The novel is full of fine little touches which are never pushed too far, as when a man selling copies of ‘The Daily Ummah’ ignores a murder-in-progress – ummah is the term denoting the global Islamic moral community. The social satire homes in on grafitti, TV banalities, advertisements, the pretensions of the thuggish rich and the accomodations of the struggling poor.

For too many writers the poor are grim decorations or zoological curiosities; Hanif, on the other hand, knows his way inside his characters, into their sexualities, fears, resentments and hopes. He transmits their complexities and their deadly simplicities. Their mouths, like his, constantly spill jokes, wittingly and unwittingly.

This very finely put together novel, brimming with echoes and premonitions, sparkles and glitters but never shows off. It’s a comedy possessing the quality Calvino called lightness, but it’s deeper than it first appears. Here too, almost unannounced, there’s a subtle interrogation of faith and faithlessness. Perhaps Hanif’s Christian protagonist permits the articulation of thoughts that would otherwise seem too controversial. Alice thinks to herself that Muslims at prayer look ungainly, then adds: “not that you can think about these things in public and hope to live.”

Hanif is an effortlessly articulate writer. His language flows like a silken river shot through with glints of quick and frequent wit. The result is relentlessly readable, compulsively so as it surges towards its apocalyptic conclusion. The chapters, all written in the immediacy of the present tense, dance around in time without for a moment losing their coherence. And sometimes the prose attains to the heights of poetry:

“The man with the X-rays is trying to shoo away a kite, which, confused by the sudden change in light, thinks it is dusk and swoops down in a last desperate attempt to take something home. The legless man is fighting the kite with the X-rays of his missing legs.”

‘Our Lady of Alice Bhatti’ is a book like life, a comedy for those who think, a tragedy for those who feel. The tone is profoundly humane, and humanist.

“How about real miracles,” asks Alice, rolling her eyes, “like the drains shall remain unclogged? Or the hungry shall be fed?”

Written by Robin Yassin-Kassab

October 8, 2011 at 11:27 am

Posted in book review, Pakistan

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2 Responses

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  1. I am unimpressed by this novel, and after reading the case of exploding mangoes it was a disappointment. But not every book can be a blast ;)
    I can understand the tensions between followers of Yassoo and Muslas, but why do Muslas keep killing each other in the very same country? They speak the same language, have the same God, are equally poor… why do they hate each other sooo much???

    micia

    November 7, 2011 at 3:25 pm

    • personally I liked this one quite a lot more than the first novel, but to each his own. sectarian hatred is a complex issue – but Christians and Muslims have the same God too, so that isn’t the reason for the oppression of Christians. and Pakistani Muslims are split into Sunnis and Shia, Barelvis and Deobandis. They speak many different languages (Punjabi, Sindi, Pushto, Urdo, Baluchi and more..). Of course they aren’t all equally poor – there are urban working class, peasants, the almost starving, an enormous middle class, and lots of millionaires. And there are many political-ideological divisions. But to answer your question, and to simplify grotesquely, I think the failure of the Pakistani state to achieve any measure of social justice or to build even a rudimentary education and health service (even while it did build nuclear missiles) is at the root of the current problems.

      Robin Yassin-Kassab

      November 7, 2011 at 3:59 pm


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